Faithful Wanderlust: How to Travel in Faith

Faithful Wanderlust: How to Travel in Faith

 

Alhamdulillah, we did the 13th Brunch & Book Club! In this session, we discussed about the “Faithful Wanderlust: How to Travel in Faith.” See below the summary of discussion! 🙂

1. The essence of traveling in Islam

In Salim A. Fillah’s book (Rihlah Dakwah), he beautifully mentioned about traveling as follows:

“Perjalanan kita, ujungnya kelak adalah sebuah pengadilan. Dalam Islam, bepergian berguna untuk memperhatikan bagaimana kesudahan orang-orang yang mendustakan Allah; mengisi ruh dengan niat baik; menginsyafi besarnya karunia; dan menebar manfaat. Tujuan dari perjalanan adalah tidak lain untuk berilmu, berdakwah dan jihad. Karena kita semua adalah musafir.”

2. Qur’anic verses about Traveling

  • QS Al-Mulk, 15 – “Dialah yang menjadikan bumi itu mudah bagi kamu, maka berjalanlah di segala penjurunya dan makanlah sebahagian dari rezeki-Nya. Dan hanya kepada-Nya-lah kamu (kembali setelah) dibangkitkan.” 
  • QS Muhammad, 10 – “Maka apakah mereka tidak mengadakan perjalanan di muka bumi sehingga mereka dapat memperhatikan bagaimana kesudahan orang-orang sebelum mereka; Allah telah menimpakan kebinasaan atas mereka dan orang-orang kafir akan menerima (akibat-akibat) seperti itu.”
  • QS Yusuf, 109 – “Kami tidak mengutus sebelum kamu, melainkan orang laki-laki yang Kami berikan wahyu kepadanya di antara penduduk negeri. Maka tidakkah mereka bepergian di muka bumi lalu melihat bagaimana kesudahan orang-orang sebelum mereka (yang mendustakan rasul) dan sesungguhnya kampung akhirat adalah lebih baik bagi orang-orang yang bertakwa. Maka tidakkah kamu memikirkannya?” 
  • QS Ali-Imran, 137 – “Sesungguhnya telah berlalu sebelum kamu sunnah-sunnah Allah; Karena itu berjalanlah kamu di muka bumi dan perhatikanlah bagaimana akibat orang-orang yang mendustakan (rasul-rasul).” 
  • QS An-Naml, 69 – “Katakanlah: ‘Berjalanlah kamu (di muka) bumi, lalu perhatikanlah bagaimana akibat orang-orang yang berdosa”.
  • QS Luqman, 31 – ” Tidakkah kamu memperhatikan bahwa sesungguhnya kapal itu berlayar di laut dengan nikmat Allah, supaya diperlihatkan-Nya kepadamu sebahagian dari tanda-tanda (kekuasaan)-Nya. Sesungguhnya pada yang demikian itu benar-benar terdapat tanda-tanda bagi semua orang yang sangat sabar lagi banyak bersyukur.” 
  • QS Ar-Rum, 42 – “Katakanlah: ‘Adakanlah perjalanan di muka bumi dan perhatikanlah bagaimana kesudahan orang-orang yang terdahulu. Kebanyakan dari mereka itu adalah orang-orang yang mempersekutukan (Allah)’.”
  • QS Ar-Rum, 9 – “Dan apakah mereka tidak mengadakan perjalanan di muka bumi dan memperhatikan bagaimana akibat (yang diderita) oleh orang-orang sebelum mereka? orang-orang itu adalah lebih kuat dari mereka (sendiri) dan telah mengolah bumi (tanah) serta memakmurkannya lebih banyak dari apa yang telah mereka makmurkan. Dan telah datang kepada mereka rasul-rasul mereka dengan membawa bukti-bukti yang nyata. Maka Allah sekali-kali tidak berlaku zalim kepada mereka, akan tetapi merekalah yang berlaku zalim kepada diri sendiri.”
  • QS Al-An’am, 11 – “Katakanlah: ‘Berjalanlah di muka bumi, kemudian perhatikanlah bagaimana kesudahan orang-orang yang mendustakan itu’.” 

3. Fiqh of Traveling in Islam

A traveler may shortern the prayers (qasr), combine them (jam’) and be legally permitted to break the fast of Ramadan (fiṭr).

The Qur’an says, “And if you travel in the land, there is no sin on you that you shorten your prayers if you fear that the unbelievers may harm you.” (QS 4, 101)

Whether a fear is the condition to shorten your prayers?

Umar ibn al-Khattab asked the same question. He replied, “I asked the Prophet (pbuh) the exact same question, and he said ‘This is a charity that Allah has given to you, so accept His charity'” (Muslim). In other words, Allah has graciously allowed Muslims to shorten their prayers even if there is no fear of attack by enemy.

According to Ibn Taymiyya in Majmu’ al-Fatawa, 24/8, it is narrated in numerous traditions that the Prophet (SAW) would shorten every four unit prayer to two units whenever he was traveling. In fact, he never prayed any four-unit prayer while in a state of travel. Hence, there is unanimous consensus amongst all the scholars of Islam that a traveler who is undertaking a legitimate journey may shorten the four-unit prayers to two. Note that the issue of combining (jam’) is a separate one, and there is a difference of opinion regarding the permissibility of combining prayers while traveling.

Further reading: https://muslimmatters.org/2011/07/01/yasir-qadhi-the-definition-of-‘travel’-safar-according-to-islamic-law-part-1/

4. Why Muslim should Travel?

Rasulullah (SAW) said “Be in this world as if you were a stranger or a traveler along a path”. The wisdom behind this is profound, which is the detachment to the dunya or material world. We often experience that whenever we are traveling, we do really miss our home. Similarly, this world is temporary, we just traveling in this world, but our eternal home will be in the akhirah. Therefore, naturally and subconsciously, the human being shall relate his home during traveling.

However, it seems that in today’s world people mixing the concept of travel and holiday. Just to be clear that holiday is different with travel. Holiday is just to refresh you mind from the daily routine. However, traveling is the concept of souls training with certain purposes, among others to strength your souls, self-discovery, to appreciate God’s creation, to learn from the past and to kill the ignorant thinking

When traveling, we sometimes leave our beloved and our comfort zone behind. In the absence of them, we train our souls to embrace everything so thus we may become the people of Alhamdulillah, to be grateful of what Allah has given us and don’t take them for granted.

5. Time Travel in Islam

Well, this is a bit controversial. But have you ever think about the ayah in the Qur’an where Allah mentioned “O company of jinn and mankind, if you are able to pass beyond the regions of the heavens and the earth, then pass. You will not pass except by authority (from Allah) [QS 55:33]. This ayah reminds us about the Isra’ Mi’raj, the miraculous night journey of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) from Mecca to Jerussalem and then an ascension to the heaven in one night.

The story of the people of the cave

It is mentioned in verses 9-26 of Surah Al-Kahf where a few young men who left their town fearing persecution at the hands of a non believer king, then hid themselves in a cave. They eventually slept and Allah made them sleep for 309 years. However, when they woke up, they thought that they had slept for only a day or so, and they sent one of them back to the city to buy food. His use of old silver coins revealed the presence of these youths to the town. Indeed, for the people in town, they were time travelers who came from past.

Wallahu’alam.

Comment below if you have any thoughts!

Recommended books and sources:

  1. Rihlah Dakwah – Salim A. Fillah
  2. The Travels of Ibn Battuta – Ibn Battuta
  3. Great Explores – David Angus
  4. Islam and Travel in the Middle Ages – Houari Touati
  5. https://muslimmatters.org/2011/07/01/yasir-qadhi-the-definition-of-‘travel’-safar-according-to-islamic-law-part-1/
  6. https://travel.dream.co.id/news/inilah-9-ayat-alquran-yang-berisi-seruan-untuk-traveling-180109t.html
  7. https://ilmfeed.com/11-reasons-why-muslims-should-travel/
  8. https://sarahmaxresearch.com/2017/02/03/wormholes-in-qurantime-travel-in-islam/
  9. http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&Id=279472

 

May Allah accept our good deeds, forgive our shortcomings and increase us in knowledge. Aamiin.

 

Salam,

Woke!

 

 

Woke Indonesia
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